To be – the most important verb

To begin with, let’s talk about the most important verb in the English language, the verb to be.

Forms:

Affirmative

I am
You are
He is ( used for a man)
She is (used for a woman)
It is (used for an object)
We are
You are
They are

Negative – short form

I am not ——-I’m not
You are not —-You aren’t
He is not. —–He isn’t ( used for a man)
She is not. —-She isn’t (used for a woman)
It is not—— It isn’t (used for an object)
We are not —–We aren’t
You are not —-You aren’t
They are not —They aren’t

Question

Am I?
Are you?
Is he? ( used for a man)
Is she? (used for a woman)
Is it? (used for an object)
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?

This verb is used for:

  • a state, eg. I am happy.
  • an adjective, eg. You are beautiful.
  • age, eg. Tom is 35.
  • job, eg. They are teachers.
  • nationality, eg. Mary and Jack aren’t French.

Exercises

Fill in with the affirmative form

  1. Jack.……25.
  2. I …… an English student.
  3. They…… home.
  4. Mary…… a very pretty woman.
  5. You……45 years old.
  6. Tom and Mark …… good boys.
  7. My mother…… very old.
  8. I…… at university now.
  9. She…… my young sister.
  10. My brother …… a doctor.

Fill in with the negative form

  1. My name …… Jane.
  2. You…… old.
  3. My father …… home at the moment.
  4. Mary and Chris …… at university.
  5. I…… Japanese.
  6. She .…… 64 years old.
  7. He …… my friend.
  8. The books…… on the table.
  9. It…… beautiful today.
  10. Jane…… a student.

Fill in with the question form

  1. …… you Mary?
  2. .…… you and your sister home?
  3. …… it cold today?
  4. …… we in Madrid now?
  5. …… jack Italian?

Fill in the text with all the form

My name…… Klara and I …… 34 years old. My husband …… Mark and he ……. 36. We …… nice people. I …… a doctor, but I …… a nurse at St. Memorial hospital. I like my job because I help people. My job …… stressful because I work with good doctors.

For questions, please comment

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